What are Personal Protective Equipments
The Equipments that protect users from Health Hazards at workplace such as Injuries and any kind of infection are called Personal Protective Equipments (PPE) . These Personal Protective Equipments include Safety Helmets , Safety Gloves, Safety Jackets , Safety Belts , Safety Goggles and Masks etc
Use of Personal Protective Equipments is mentioned in our history where soldiers used to wore protective headgear, face gear and body armor during wars to protect themselves from fatal injuries . These were extremely heavy gears and used to symbolise the strength of any army .
A lot of modernisation has taken place since then but Personal Protective equipment for the industrial area did not exist until the late 1800s. Headgear and Footwear have been very instrumental as far as establishing safety norms at Industrial level are concerned
Evolution of Headgear - Important part of Personal Protective Equipment
The first hard hat was design by the Bullard Manufacturing Company, in 1800s . Prior to this Personal Protective Equipments were not in place and safety gears were optional for workers and no standard of headgear was in place . After this , hard hat was made mandatory for workers who used to work in mines. These hats were called the “hard-boiled hat” because of the use of steam in the manufacturing process.
Bullard created another hard hat in 1938 , which was the first aluminum hard hat. This was very light weight and extremely durable. However, Aluminium being good conductor of Electricity it could not be used widely
In 1940’s thermoplastics came into effect and eventually expensive hard hats were replaced by Thermoplastic hats
The modern-day standard hard hat was designed in 1982. It was created because prior versions of hard hats did not have adequate suspension.
Firefighting helmets were initially made from thick leather. After this , there were many innovations and light weighted helmets came into use. These were main part of Personal Protective Equipment of Modern time.